Pond

Ponds and Water Gardens

Our freshwater staff is well-versed in keeping your koi pond or water garden healthy and free of algae. Stop in today and bring a water sample and some photos to help us determine what’s right for you. From pumps, chemicals and barley bales to koi, decorative goldfish and live plants, we’ve got your pond needs covered!

– City water must be dechlorinated due to chloramines or chlorine before being added to the pond. Pond Prime and Purify are two highly effective and cost efficient ways of doing so.

– Well water has no chlorine but usually is very hard and has a high pH and KH. There are some products that may help reduce this for better pond plant health.

– Keep water changes less than 30% of the pond volume per water change to minimize stress on pond fish and always dechlorinate all new city water.

– We provide free water testing to make sure parameters are safe for your fish and your pond. It is always a good idea to test the water before adding any new fish to your pond.

– Green Water Algae is a common problem in ponds and aquariums, its usual cause is too much light (either length or intensity) and excess waste products. It is especially quick multiplying, and because it’s a free-floating algae, you can’t manually remove the majority of it like other species. There are, however, a few things you can do early in the spring to prevent algae from growing, or to regain control after an outbreak

– Floating plants prevent the sun from penetrating the water by using it at the surface, they also multiply quickly and will directly compete with algae for vital nutrients It’s best to shoot for ½ to 2/3 coverage of the pond surface by mid-July.

– Microbial Algae Clean is a great product that uses natural bacterias to help balance the eco system in your pond which can help reduce and prevent green water.

– Aqua Fix is a liquid additive that is generally fish safe, and is helpful with the removal of most algae types. As with all chemicals, READ and FOLLOW directions carefully. It is a good idea to test the water before adding any chemicals to your pond. Make sure to have an excess of oxygen and surface agitation before adding any kind of algae remover.

– UV clarifiers use Ultraviolet light in order to scramble the DNA of microbes, like algae in order to prevent them from reproducing. This is by far the most effective way of eradicating green water algae.

– Remove organics – leaves, twigs, etc. by hand, with rake or with a pond vacuum that you can rent from us.

– Adding Spring Clean and Muck Buster will add beneficial bacteria and enzymes. This will break down organic sludge and help establish the natural bacteria that help create a healthy eco system in your pond.

– Barley – Takes two to three weeks to begin killing algae, however added early in the spring it can help prevent or reduce the occurrence of algae all summer long. Ask a staff member for advice on the placement and use of this product to make it the most effective.

– Add floating plants – Getting started early with floating plants will get you jump started on having enough coverage by mid-summer. These plants help reduce algae by blocking out some sunlight and provide shelter for your fish

– For ponds that have a substantial amount of muck

– When water temperature is consistently above 60 at sunrise, start adding spring and fall clean plus pond clean to encourage balanced pond ecology, and encouraging crystal clear water

– For new ponds, it is advisable to run the filters, pumps, and waterfalls for at least a week with water before bringing in a water sample. This allows time for any possible leaks to make themselves known and to allow the water to equalize before adding fish

– We provide free water testing and recommendations based on your water parameters as to when to add fish, change water, or correct issues like algae or cloudiness

– Temperatures should be maintaining 60 degrees Fahrenheit or higher in your pond before adding any fish. Memorial Day classically is the weekend for new additions

– If you have a pond that is under 1000 gallons we recommend goldfish as they reach a maximum length of only 12 inches. For ponds over 1000 gallons, koi can be a good choice, but keep in mind that these fish can reach over 30 inches and may require substantial filtration in smaller ponds.

– Goldfish are less likely to eat pond plants and are often used when trying to create a water garden. Koi can be more destructive to live plants but there are some plant potting techniques that we can show you to help reduce this issue with koi.

– For smaller ponds, generally from June to September, ask us about tropical fish that can be used to reduce mosquitos.

– Preuss Pets goes to great lengths to ensure that you take home the healthiest fish possible for your pond. All of our fish are quarantined and treated upon arrival and must pass a health inspection before being released for sale. We carry a large selection of both koi and goldfish, whichever fish you decide to stock your pond with

No food should be fed during winter months, or while the water is under 50 degrees Fahrenheit before sunrise.
Wheat Germ enhanced Foods should be fed when temps range from 50 degrees to 60 degrees Fahrenheit
Color Enhancing and other Protein Rich foods once the pond maintains a temperature over 60 degrees
Wheat germ enhanced foods again in the Fall from when the water is between 60 degrees to 50 degrees

– Begin with a water test to make sure all levels are safe. Excess nitrate provides nutrients for algae to grow – We’d be happy to test your water for free.
– Providing shade with floating plants early in the season will help block the sun and use up nutrients as they multiply. The goal is to have ½ to 2/3 of your pond covered by mid-July to prevent green water outbreaks.
– Barley – Takes two to three weeks to begin killing algae, however added early in the spring it can help prevent or reduce the occurrence of algae all summer long
– Pond Dye comes in a variety of colors and can be safely added to the pond to tint the water. You Pond Dye blocks the sun from penetrating the water and growing algae but still allows you to see through the water. This product is fish safe and is best for ponds without fully submerged plants.
– Aqua Fix Dry is another product that will destroy hair algae. You must shut down your pumps, remove dead algae, and sprinkle the product directly on the remaining algae. Wait 15 minutes and then turn the pumps back on. Dose carefully as this can increase KH and pH levels quickly and potentially harm fish/plants.
– Trap Door Snails are also a great critter to help control algae. They can be winter hardy and are efficient at helping keep the algae under control.

– It is normal for there to be some amount of waste and decaying leaves at the bottom of a pond, however excess can be unsightly and possibly harmful to fish as this heavy waste can also reduce the amount of oxygen in the pond, especially during winter.
– Pump or syphon driven vacuums allow user to remove this waste and do a water change simultaneously. Preuss Pets offers a pond vacuum rental service for up to a week. Please call us if you are interested in a quote.
– Muck Buster is a product that uses beneficial bacteria to break down sludge and debris at the bottom of your pond. This product can be added on a regular basis to help keep your pond sludge free.

– Providing an area in the pond with a depth of a minimum of 36” can offer the koi and goldfish a safe place to hibernate throughout the winter.
– While Fancy Goldfish can live outdoors in the summer, they often cannot overwinter in a pond, and should be brought in during the fall.
– During the fall leaf, twigs, and other debris should be removed as it’s breakdown in winter can be dangerous to you fish. Adding Spring and Fall clean once the temperature is below 50 will help you prepare your pond for the next season, and assist in breaking down residual wastes.
– Floating heaters will keep a hole in the ice for oxygen exchange all winter long, however because they use less electricity, many people prefer to use Styrofoam “De-Icers” that use a regular pond pump to power. Using both systems simultaneously offers the best security.
– Because of the way ponds create temperature zones, in general, any pump running of the bottom should be turned off or moved higher in the pond during the winter. For this reason, waterfalls and fountains should be also be turned off.
– Aeration is a good gentle way to maintain winter oxygen levels, and can be used with the Styrofoam De-Icer. The Pond Air 4 air pump is designed to push large amounts of air of depths up
– Call us for safe way of moving indoors if pond is too shallow, or they are unfit for Michigan winters

– The “Scarecrow” Motion Activated Sprinkler is a completely safe deterrent for any hopeful predators, just don’t forget to disarm it before walking by it yourself!
– Decoy herons work well because live herons are both territorial, and the top of local aquatic food chains, upon seeing a (fake) heron, most would-be predators continue on
– A fishing line mounted 12-18” from the ground surrounding the perimeter of the pond will also help deter the heron from being to enter the pond from shore.
– Floating plants provide excellent cover for you animals, camouflaging them from large birds flying over that might think them a snack, and making it difficult for shoreline predators to find and grab them in the water
– Deeper areas in the pond provide an escape for your pond pets because all local predators need to wade into the water, and cannot effectively hunt while swimming
– Pond netting placed just below the surface of the water can also be an effective way to keep critters out.

Each pond and owner will have different needs a and wants, so there is no one answer, however we do carry a full line of pond products that, along with the knowledge and enthusiasm to help you create the backyard oasis of your dreams. If you want a simple fountain water feature on your deck, or a waterfall to rival ours, we can help you every step of the way!

– Many small water features just aren’t big enough for goldfish or koi. While not all fish are safe for ponds, many tropical fish can be kept outside from June to September. We highly recommend various Danios, white clouds and livebearers for small water fountains. Many of these beautiful fish can also help keep the mosquito population down in smaller water features.
– Temperatures should be maintaining 60 degrees Fahrenheit or higher in your pond before adding any fish. Memorial Day classically is the weekend for new additions
– We provide free water testing which helps us to guide you to the fish that will best thrive in your water. This will also help us to determine if your pond is ready to add fish and if there is anything to be concerned about before adding them.
– For new ponds, it is advisable to run the filters, pumps, and waterfalls for at least a week with water before bringing in a water sample. This also allows time for any possible leaks to make themselves known and to allow the water to balance before adding fish